Mormons and Mormonism
 
Mormonism, Mormons

Mormons and Mormonism

Mormonism is the dominant religious tradition of the Latter Day Saint movement. This movement was founded by Joseph Smith, Jr,’in the 1820s. As a form of Christian primitivism During the 1830s and 1840s, Mormonism gradually distinguished itself from traditional Protestantism. Mormonism today represents the new Protestant faith not by Smith taught’in the 1840s. After Smith's death, most Mormons followed Brigham Young west. Themselves as Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church) Other variants of Mormonism include Mormon fundamentalism, which seeks access to practices and doctrines such as polygamy that were discontinued by Mormon Church, and various other small independent denominations.

The word is derived from the Mormon Book of Mormon, a faith-based religious texts. Based on the name of the book, the first disciples of the founder Joseph Smith, Jr. are Mormons and their faith was called Mormonism. The term was originally derogatory, but is no longer considered as such by the Mormons (although other terms such as Latter-day Saints, or LDS, are generally preferred).

Share Mormonism. Share a common set of beliefs with the rest of the Latter Day Saint movement, including the use of, and belief’in the Bible and other religious texts, including the Book of Mormon and Doctrine and Covenants also accepts the Pearl of Great Price as part of their scriptural canon, and has a history of teaching eternal marriage, eternal progression, and plural marriage (although the Mormon Church abandoned the practice by the end of the 19th century). Cultural Mormonism includes a lifestyle promoted by the Mormon institutions and includes cultural Mormons who identify with the culture, but not necessarily theology.

History

Mormonism arose’in the 1820s’in western New York for a period of religious excitement, known as the Second Great Awakening. Was founded by Joseph Smith, Jr, drew his first converted to the faith, while Smith dictated the Book of Mormon text. This book presents itself as a chronicle of early Native American peoples, presenting them as pious Jews who had faith’in Jesus Christ hundreds of years before his birth. Smith dictated the Book of 584 pages over a period of about three months say that an ancient language translated "by the gift and power of God." In the preparation of this work mid-1829, Smith, his close collaborator, Oliver Cowdery and other early disciples baptized new believers began officially’in a Christian church’in 1830 primitivist organized as the Church of Christ. Smith was considered by his disciples as a modern prophet.

Smith later wrote that he had a vision of God the Father and Jesus Christ’in the spring of 1820,’in response to the question of which sect he should join. Sometimes called the "First Vision," Smith's vision of God the Father and Jesus Christ as two separate beings was the basis of the difference’in distance between Mormonism to the nature of God and Orthodox Christianity. Smith also said that,’in response to his prayer, the Lord commanded him to join none of the existing churches because they were all wrong. During the 1820s, Smith reported that several angelic visits’in 1830 and Smith said he had been asked that God wants to use him to restore the true Christian church and the Book of Mormon, means for the establishment of good doctrine restored Church.

The congregation grew steadily, but early’in 1830, its members were persecuted. To avoid persecution by the residents of New York, has attracted members from Kirtland, Ohio, and was hoping to create a permanent basis or the New Jerusalem City of Zion’in Jackson County, Missouri. However, they were expelled from Jackson County’in 1833 and forced to flee Kirtland early 1838th In Missouri, violent conflicts with other residents of Missouri led the governor of Missouri issued an "order" of extermination of Latter Day expulsion from Missouri. The Mormons displaced fled to Illinois and left the city of Nauvoo, Illinois, where they could live with a measure of peace and prosperity for a few years. However, tensions between Mormons and non-Mormons worsened to the point that,’in 1844, Smith was killed by a mob, precipitating a succession crisis. The largest group of Mormons, or the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints has a new Brigham Young as prophet / leader and emigrated to what was the territory of Utah. There, the church began the practice of plural marriage open, a form of polygamy, Smith threw to Nauvoo. Polygamy was the belief of the most exciting feature’in the 19th Century, but the strength of the U.S. Congress has threatened the existence Church as a legal institution. In his Manifesto 1890, Church President Wilford Woodruff announced the official end of plural marriage.

Due to the formal abolition of polygamy’in 1890, several small groups of Mormons broke with the LDS Church education of several denominations of Mormon fundamentalism. Meanwhile, the Mormon Church has become a defender of monogamy and patriotism has expanded its küresel reach and a strong missionary program has grown’in size to 14 million members. The church has always been a part of mainstream America and internationally. However, it is consciously and deliberately keeps its identity as a "peculiar people" of the world by what she believes is set to its unique relationship with God.






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